Korean Wedding Traditions: From Bowing to Matchmaking

Korean Wedding Traditions: From Bowing to Matchmaking

Korean weddings are steeped in deep-rooted traditions that have been passed down through generations. These customs reflect the country’s cultural heritage and the importance placed on family and community. A traditional Korean wedding is a colourful, joyous occasion that involves ancient rituals and customs, including bowing, gift-giving, and matchmaking. In this article, we will explore the various customs and traditions associated with Korean weddings, along with their significance and symbolism.


Marriage is a sacred institution that holds a special place in Korean culture. It is widely regarded as one of the most important events in the life of an individual and a family. The Korean wedding ceremony is a joyous and celebratory occasion that marks the beginning of a new phase of life for the couple. The wedding ceremony is not just about uniting two individuals in matrimony but also about bringing two families together. Therefore, Korean weddings are characterized by a lot of pomp and ceremony, with many customs and traditions that have been followed for centuries.

Bowing Ceremony

The bowing ceremony is one of the most important customs in a Korean wedding. It involves the exchange of bows between the bride and groom, their parents, and the guests. The bowing ceremony signifies respect, gratitude, and good wishes.

First, the bride and groom bow to each other. The groom bows first, and then the bride bows back. This bowing symbolizes their mutual respect and commitment to each other. After the couple has exchanged bows, they then bow to their parents. The groom bows to his parents first, then the bride bows to hers. This bowing signifies the couple’s gratitude to their parents for raising them and their parents’ blessings for their marriage.

Next, the couple stands facing each other with their palms together and bows to their guests. The guests respond by bowing back to the couple. This bowing symbolizes the couple’s respect and appreciation for their guests’ presence and good wishes. The bowing ceremony is usually accompanied by traditional music and dance, adding to the festive atmosphere of the occasion.

Traditional Attire

Another important aspect of a Korean wedding is traditional attire. The bride and groom usually wear a hanbok, a traditional Korean costume, during the wedding ceremony. The hanbok is an elegant, graceful, and colourful garment that reflects the country’s cultural heritage. The bride’s hanbok is usually a bright and vibrant shade of red, while the groom’s hanbok is typically blue or black.

The bride’s hanbok consists of a full skirt, a jacket with long sleeves, and an undershirt. The skirt is usually made of silk or satin and is embellished with intricate embroidery. The jacket is typically made of silk and is also embroidered with intricate designs. The undershirt is made of white silk and is worn below the jacket.

The groom’s hanbok consists of a jacket with long sleeves, trousers, and an undershirt. The jacket and trousers are typically made of silk or satin and are also embroidered with intricate designs. The undershirt is also made of white silk and is worn below the jacket.

The hanbok is not just a garment, but it is also a symbol of Korean culture and history. It represents the country’s cultural heritage, the couple’s identity, and the values they hold dear.

Gift Giving

Gift-giving is an essential aspect of Korean weddings. It is customary for the guests to bring gifts as a token of their love and appreciation for the couple. The gifts are usually in the form of money, wrapped in a traditional Korean envelope called a poja. The amount of money given as a gift is usually dependent on the relationship between the couple and the guest.

In addition to the poja, guests may also give other gifts such as household appliances, jewelry, or other items that the couple may need for their new home.


Matchmaking is an essential aspect of Korean weddings. In traditional Korean culture, marriages were arranged by matchmakers who would bring together suitable partners from compatible families. The matchmaking process was based on various factors such as family status, education, income, and reputation.

In modern Korean society, however, matchmaking is not as prevalent as it once was. Many couples nowadays meet through friends, work, or social events. Nonetheless, matchmaking is still considered an important part of Korean culture, and many couples still seek the advice and guidance of matchmakers.


Korean weddings are rich in traditions and customs that have been followed for centuries. From the bowing ceremony to the gift-giving and the matchmaking, every aspect of the Korean wedding symbolizes the country’s cultural heritage, values, and beliefs. A traditional Korean wedding is a joyous occasion that brings together families, friends, and communities to celebrate the union of two individuals in matrimony. By keeping these customs alive, Koreans preserve their identity and heritage while celebrating the joys of life and love.

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